No worries when barbecuing with aluminium

A healthy outlook for the barbecue season: aluminium foil and trays offer protection against carcinogenic substances

A balmy summer’s evening, chilled drinks, mouth-watering aromas, delicious culinary treats. The invitations to the BBQ party are out, and everyone’s licking their chops in anticipation. To make sure that the big sizzle over the hot coals will be a hot and tasty experience for their guests, hobby and professional BBQ aficionados often reach out for aluminium foil or trays. Since opinions are frequently divided about the use of the metal in cooking, some BBQ parties can be the scene of heated debate. Is grilling with aluminium utensils a health risk? Or does grilling on aluminium trays or foil have a protective effect, ensuring that fat doesn’t drip into the hot coals, where it can burn and release carcinogenic substances into the food?

Both questions are justified – but people shouldn’t allow the great BBQ experience to be spoiled by worrying too much. True, grilling pre-seasoned meat and vegetables or fish drizzled with lemon juice can result in aluminium ions migrating from aluminium trays or foil into the food on the grid. On the other hand, however, the use of aluminium trays or foil helps prevent fat from dripping into the hot coals, where it can burn and release carcinogenic substances. The decisive aspect, there­fore, is to make sure that the trays are used in the proper way.

To help prevent “German angst” from spoiling your BBQ experience, here are a few tips on how to use aluminium trays and foil properly to prepare your food in a healthy and safe way:

Practical helpers: BBQ trays protect against PAHs
Aluminium grilling trays and foil protect the consumer against hazardous substances that may occur during the grilling process, since the health risks involved when grilling directly on the grid are many times greater than when cooking the food on a tray. So-called poly­cyclic aro­matic hydrocarbons (PAHs), many of which may cause cancer, occur in all situa­tions in which meat fat or oil used in the marinade drips into the hot coals or onto the heat­ing coil of the electric grill. BBQ dishes or foil made of aluminium act as a barrier here, pre­venting the grilled food from absorbing these hazardous substances. These practical drip-catching aids are also ideally suited for preparing vegetables and meat spits.

Spices are the aluminium tray’s worst enemy
Please don’t leave acid- or salt-containing food (e.g. strongly salted or marinaded meat or fish drizzled with lemon juice) to stand in uncoated grilling trays, also don’t wrap it in household aluminium foil.
Always season your grilled food only after it comes off the grill and onto your plate. This ensures that you get the maximum protection from your BBQ helpers.

Don’t panic – there’s no danger
So aluminium is in principle ideally suited for grilling: it offers protection against high tempera­tures, the food doesn’t burn so quickly and doesn’t stick to the grid. Food that’s wrapped in aluminium foil, e.g. fish and vegetables, stays tender and succulent, and has a more intense flavour. When the instructions mentioned above are heeded, there’s no risk of an excessive uptake of aluminium ions with the food. Another general point that’s worth bearing in mind is that only about four percent of our overall uptake of aluminium comes from uncoated alumin­ium utensils like grilling trays, aluminium foil, or meal trays: by far the greater part of the up­take originates from untreated food and cosmetic articles (see

When the party’s over: aluminium foil and barbecue trays belong in the Yellow Bin
Using aluminium foil and grilling trays also helps reduce waste. After use, the aluminium from which the trays and foil are made can be recycled many times over, without any forfeit of the material’s quality and with a low energy investment. This is why such items should be dis­posed of via the “Yellow Bin” after their use. The recycling of aluminium consumes only about five per cent of the energy needed to make aluminium from bauxite. In 2018, the recycling rate for grilling trays and (foil-similar) aluminium packaging materials in Germany in general achieved a record high of 90.4% (see

Cooking “au point”
Thanks to the excellent heat-conduction properties of aluminium, the food is cooked evenly throughout, in other words aluminium distributes the cooking heat homogeneously. The grilled food doesn’t burn too quickly.


Interview with Dr Ulrich Nehring, certified food technologist, below in the files-area.


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