Reference Library

Important studies and reportsrelated to aluminium foil.

Open all
Tasty recipes using aluminium foil

This booklet contains 14 mouth-watering recipes, and has been issued on the occasion of the celebration of 100 years of aluminium foil at a special ‘live cookery using aluminium foil’ event in Brussels. We hope that you will enjoy reading it, and that you have a taste while preparing these recipes at home!

Read online or download the recipes booklet.

Life Cycle Analyses (LCA) of various Food Products

Different LCAs of some food products have beenevaluated by EAFA. These evaluations of the environmental performance include thepackaging and the sustainable consumption and production of packed goods. 

More detailed information about the food LCAs can befound here.

Recycling and Recovery

Recycling of materials and metals in particular,is as old as mankind and is driven by the inherent value of the materialitself. Today recycling is not only value driven, it is also part of a wasteprevention strategy to reduce the amount of industrial and household wastecreated and – where environmentally significant – to replace primaryproduction.

Aluminium– as are all other metals – isendlessly recyclable. However, its unique property is that

95%less energy is needed to recycle the metal comparedwith primary production. This high energy efficiency is the reason whyaluminium scrap is such a valuable material source.

Moredetailed information about Recycling and Recovery can be found here.

Carbon Footprint

In recent years, the ‘carbon footprint' has become apopular way of comparing the relative environmental impact of goods, servicesor industrial activities. Companies have seized on it as a way of building acompetitive advantage (‘our product has a smaller footprint than yours'), ormeasuring improvement (‘a smaller footprint means a better product'), whileenvironmentally conscious procurers and consumers use it to decide betweencompeting offers.

And yet, in practice, simply comparing carbonfootprints is rarely fair or scientific. Indeed, as a measure of environmentalimpact or sustainability, it can be quite misleading.

More detailed information about the Carbon Footprintproblematic can be found here.

Aluminium foil and microwave ovens

Aluminiumfoil packaging can be used safely in microwave ovens following scientificevidence dispelling the myth that they are unsafe for microwave from theFraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging.

Moredetailed information about aluminium foil and microwave ovens can be foundhere.

Alufoil: functional & absolute barrier - scientific proof by FABES

The results of the study show that aluminiumfoil of a thickness of at least 6 micron is not only a functional barrier buteven an absolute barrier in terms of food contact applications:

'Based on the theoretical evaluation of theexperimental data, especially those obtained from permeation experimentsperformed at 100°C, it could be demonstrated for the laminates containing anAlufoil with a thickness of at least 6 µm that at 100°C the migration limit of10 ppb will not be exceeded before 30 hours.'

Such severeconditions would never be encountered in the use of a packaging material evenunder a worst case scenario. The experimental conditions therefore demonstratedunambiguously, and by the resulting scientific data, that an alufoil layer ofat least 6µm thickness has to be considered an absolute barrier in terms offood contact applications.



Basics of aluminium rolling technology

Future concepts in thin-strip and foil rolling

On the occasion its 550th anniversary, AchenbachBuschhütten has sponsored the publication of an 84-page booklet 'AluminiumRolling Mill Technology'. With the kind permission of the publishers and of theauthors, EAFA includes here an extract from the chapter entitled 'Basics ofaluminium rolling technology'. A printable pdf version of this extract can bedownloaded here.

The bookletcan be purchased from the publishers (

Download an extract here.


E-Commerce: Good Trading Practice Guidelines

Several majorEuropean packaging associations developed guidelines to ensure fair trading andto avoid misuse in electronic bidding processes (in particular: reverseauctions).

Download theguidelines here.

1974 – 2004: EAFA’s 30th anniversary

EAFAsummarized its history and the market development of aluminium foil in especial leaflet.

Download the30th anniversary leaflet here.


EAFA thanks those who have agreed to share the reportsand studies. Why not help to build this valuable reference source by submittingyour own? EAFA is particularly interested to give wider exposure to anyscientifically-based studies which demonstrate the protective properties andapplications of aluminium foil. Contact us.